Dr John Moore
Dr. John Moore was a Scottish physician and travel author. He also edited the works of Tobias Smollett.John was born on 10th October 1729 in Stirling, the son of Rev Charles Moore of Rowallan.
The family moved to Glasgow when he was young and he was educated at Glasgow Grammer School. After taking a medical degree at Glasgow University he served as a surgeons mate with the army in Flanders (Belgium) during the seven years war.
In 1784 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
His novel Zeluco (1789), a close analysis of the motives of a selfish profligate, produced a great impression at the time, and indirectly, through the poetry of Byron, has left an abiding mark on literature. Byron said that he intended Childe Harold to be a poetical Zeluco, and the most striking features of the portrait were undoubtedly taken from that character. Moore's other works have a less marked individuality, but his sketches of society and manners in France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy and England (A View of Society and Manners in France, Switzerland and Germany, London, W. Strahan & T. Cadell, in the Strand, 1779, 2 vol.; A View of Society and Manners in Italy, with anecdotes related to some eminent characters, London, W. Strahan & T. Cadell, 1781, 2 vol.) were also very popular during his lifetime and furnish valuable materials for the social historian. "Mordaunt. Character Sketches of Life, Characters, and Manners, in Various Countries; including the Memoirs of A French Lady of Quality" was a powerfully written anti-French Revolution novel in three volumes in the form of 34 character sketches of famous politicians, royalty, generals, the wealthy, and the celebrity of the day. It also offers detailed eyewitness accounts of John Moore's observations as he travelled throughout Europe in the last years of the 18th century. There are gripping accounts of the heroic feats of a dashing British Officer included, which were actually accounts of John Moore's son, General Moore. Zeluco is still (2018) available as a modestly priced reprint, and as a free ebook.
Extract from the history of GKL No.4
Not only did the lodge have distinguished citizens as members, but as a result of the amalgamation of No.4 and the Johnstone Kilwinning Lodge in 1753, one distinguished member from that union was Dr John Moore the “Zeluco” to whom Robert Burns wrote letters including his famous autobiographical letter in 1787. This link may have been important to the poet as many of the names written as subscribers to the first Edinburgh edition of Burns` poetry appear on the roll of members of No. 4.
He died in Richmond in Surrey on 21 February 1802. He is buried in Stirling.